Homework #3
Checkpoint 2.1

1) HTML is the set of markup symbols or codes placed in a file that is intended for display on a web page. The origin of HTML was created by Tim Berners-Lee using Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). SGML is a standard format for embedding descriptive markup within a document and for describing the structure of a document. The purpose of HTML is to provide a set of rules that suggest how content should look when rendered. HTML can also be used to place media on a web page and describe fill-in forms.

2) The software needed to create and test web pages are Text Editor like Notepad++, Web Browser, and FTP Client.

3) The purpose of the head section is it contains information about the current document like as title, keywords, that may be useful to search engines and other data that is not considered document content. The purpose of the body section contains the document content. The content may be presented by a user agent in many ways.

Checkpoint 2.2

1) The features for heading elements are organized by six elements h1 through h6. The text is rendered as a block. The size for h1 is the largest and h6 is the smallest. All the text contained within heading tags is displayed with bold font weight.

2) Unordered list displays a bullet, list marker, before each entry in the list. The bullets can be several types. Unordered list begins with ul and ends with a ul tag. Ordered list displays a numbering or lettering system to itemize the information contained in the list. Ordered lists can be organized by the use of numerals, uppercase letters, and etc. Ordered list begins with ol and ends with a ol tag.

3) The block quote element is used to display a block of quoted text in a special way. It also indents from both the left and right margins. A block of indented text begins with a blockquote and ends with a blockquote.

Checkpoint 2.3

1) The purpose of special characters is to use particular symbols such as quotation marks, greater-than sign (>) less-than sign (<) in your web page document. And another name for them is entity characters.

2) Use absolute hyperlinks when you need to link to resources on other websites. Yes the http protocol used in the href value.

3) Use relative hyperlinks when you need to link to web pages within your website. No the http protocol used in the href value.

Valid HTML 5.0